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What is 3G?

3G is the short for the third generation of standards of accessibility and speed that mainly used in telephone,  it can help us to communicate with each other. There are three standards in market: including CDMA 2000, WCDMA, TD-SCDMA,WiMAX. The difference between 3G and 2G is the transmission of voice and the data speed of  Full Article…

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Idiopathic Adolescent Scoliosis and an Introduction of Structural Scoliosis

Scoliosis, equals to a spinal curve in the cornal plane, a term coined by Galen. In addition, scoliosis might be structural or postural. A postural is not connected with rotation. It will correct with adjustment of posture. a curve like this does not have the opportunity to evolve to a structural scoliosis. Structural curves are connected  Full Article…

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What are Osteomyelitis and Clinical Features of it?

Osteomyelitis is often haematogenous in origin. It influences the metaphyses of long bones. The basic exception is that at the proximal femur, when the metaphysis is intracapsular, the infection may transmit to the bone by immediate inoculation from an essential pyoarthrosis of the hit joint. The growth plate plays a role of a barrier to extension  Full Article…

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What are Veins of the Upper Limb?

Both deep and superficial venous drainage is owned by the upper limb. The deep veins accompany the arteries of the same area and are similarly named. Both the ulnar vein on the medial side drain blood and the radial vein on the lateral side of the forearm from the palmar arch of the hand. The  Full Article…

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What is the Management of Atopic Eczema?

Atopic eczema is a quite taxing illness for both child and family. Irritability, the frequent alarming appearance, and disturbed nights add to the burden. The parents play an active role in management. On the other hand, they require careful sympathetic suggestion. Because of a connected ichthyosis, the skin is always dry. In addition,  the use of  Full Article…

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What are Arteries and Veins?

Arteries When the pressure of the blood rises as a result of systole, large arteries, such as the aorta, expand. When the blood pressure falls during diastole, they recoil just like a stretched rubber band. A smoother flow of blood via the smaller arteries and still smaller arterioles is produced by the aid of this  Full Article…

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What are Capillaries?

Capillaries have the simplest structure to all the components of the cardiovascular system. They are just a single cell layer thick and approximately 1 mm long, and are little more than tubes. The whole body is permeated with a fine mesh of these capillaries. Actually, their combined length is on the order of 60,ooo miles.  Full Article…

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What are Clinical Features and Aetiology of Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is the disorder due to insulin deficiency. This is the result of irreversible islet beta cell hurt in the majority of juvenile diabetics. Although diabetes is uncommon, the incidence increases so that up to sixteen years of age, two per one thousand are influenced. Children account for only four to six per cent  Full Article…

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An Introduction of Hypoparathyroidism; Associated with its Syndromes, Treatment and Classification

Hypoparathyroidism Transient hypoparathyroidism is a common neonatal event. And apnoeic episodes may result from the resulting hypocalcaemia. Permanent hypoparathyroidism is uncommon. Moreover, it has to be distinguished from these situations, which there is organ unresponsiveness to circulating parathyroid hormone, the pseudohypoparathyroidism syndromes. Here are some symptoms of hypoparathyroidism as listed: Chronic hypocalcaemia chronic diarrhoea convulsions  Full Article…

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Neonatal Hyperthyroidism, Isolated Thyroid Nodules, Juvenile Hypothyroidism and Juvenile Hyperthyroidism

Neonatal hyperthyroidism. Although this is a rare disorder, it must be anticipated in all infants of mothers with a history of thyrotoxicosis. Maternal thyroid stimulating immunoglobulins might traverse the placenta to overstimulate the fetal thyroid leading to fever, poor weight gain, diarrhoea, and irrritability. Transient the situation may need antighyroid therapy or propranolol, but it is potentially  Full Article…

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An Introduction of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

This group of inherited, autosomal recessive disorders result from the absence of basic enzymes in the pathway of cortisol and aldosterone synthesis. With an accumulation of androgenic steroids, the resulting interruption of adrenohypothalamic feedback stimulates excessive corticotrophin release, and overactivity of the biosythetic steps prior to the block. The most common variety is 21-hydroxylase deficiency, nearly  Full Article…

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General Description of the Heart

The structure of the heart may it possible that the heart provides as a transport system pump which keeps blood continuously circulating through the blood vessels of the body. Positioned within the thoracic cavity between the lungs, in the region known as the mediastinum, the heart is muscular, four-chambered, and hollow, and it is roughly  Full Article…

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What is the Dissolution of Clots?

The clot is normally dissolved within a few days after it has been produced. The conversion of a precursor molecule is promoted by the activated factor XII into the active form named kallikrein for that the damaged blood vessel wall is repaired. The conversion of plasminogen is catalyzed by the kallikrein into the active molecule  Full Article…

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What is the Formation of Fibrin(Clotting Factors)?

A meshwork of insoluble protein fibers called fibrin strengthens the platelet plug, so that fibrin, platelets, and commonly trapped red blood cells that give the clot a red color are included by blood clots. A more effective and compact plug are produced by the contraction of the platelets in the process of clot retraction in  Full Article…

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What are Disorders of Sexual Differentiation?

The primordial is bipotential and undifferentiated. The gonad differtiating gene taken on the short arm of the Y chromosome. The tests impose their regulate on the internal genitalia since eight weeks. By secreting testosterone, the Leydig cells promote the development of Wolffian ducts to offer rise to epididymis, seminal vesicles, ejaculatory ducts, and vas deferens.  Full Article…

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Hypergonadotrophic Hypogonadism, Hypogonadotrophic Hypogonadism, Haematocolpos and Complete Testicular Feminisation

Hypergonadotrophic hypogonadism. High FSH and LH standards show that the gonadal response. And feedback is impaired. Testicular palpation and ovarian ultrasound assist in identifying the gonadal pathology. It is a significant factor lead to Turner syndrome in girls. However, ovarian dysgenesis can happen in isolation as well. Boys may have congenital faults of testicular differentiation, or can lose  Full Article…

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Introductions of Premature Thelarche, Disordered Puberty after Cranial Radiotherapy, and Premature Pubarche

Premature thelarche. Young girls and infant might have transient, cyclical and always asymmetrical breast development. Moreover, they do not have any relationship with growth acceleration or other pubertal symptoms. Ovarian ultrasound examinations indicate parallel follicular development confirming. Furthermore, there is short activation of the FSH-oestradiol axis. The uterus maintains slight. Isolated thelarche is often self-limiting and innocent. There  Full Article…

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Precocious Puberty in Boys, Early Puberty in Girls, and Treatment of Precocious Puberty

As precocious puberty is regulated by the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, it is termed intracranial or true. By contrast, it is termed false while an extracranial or exogenous source of hormone is responsible. Precocious puberty in boys Precocious puberty is always pathological in boys. It needs detailed investigation. On the other hand, it stats before nine years old. It  Full Article…

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What are Factors of Excessive Height?

The large number of tall children come from tall families and obtain their stature as normal. Referring to an unusually tall child, he or she possibly has a potential disorder. However, there are often readily excluded. Girls apparently destined to have an adult height more than five feet ten inches, Which equals to 178 cm,  Full Article…

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An Introduction of Investigation of Short Stature

Investigation of short stature On the bases of those majority of children, the history will show a social and genetic for their problem. As a consequence, investigation is unfit. Those lacking having either additional symptoms or definitely abnormal growth, need serial accurate methods. What is more, for an accurate assessment of height, which offers the  Full Article…

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