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Introductions of Napkin Dermatitis, Seborrhoeic Dermatitis, Erythema Toxicum and Candidiasis

Napkin dermatitis. Prolonged contact with wet napkins results in napkin dermatitis. Bacterial conversion of the urine to ammonia leads to an alkaline irritant. Easy methods are often helpful; frequent napkin changers, careful washing at every change and the application of a protective cream, for instance, castor oil ointment and zinc. After washing, the napkin should  Full Article…

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What are Ketotic Hypoglycaemia and Nesdioblastosis?

After the newborn period, hypoglycaemia is uncommon. Whereas, it must be thought in the measurement of non-febrile seizures, especially those happening after prolonged fasts and early in the morning. A blood glucose of less than 2.2 mmol/l is diagnostic. Moreover, the urine should be tested for ketones as well, an useful method in distinguishing the  Full Article…

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Viral Meningitis, Tuberculous Meningitis and Neonatal Meningitis

Viral Meningitis Refers to viral meningitis, it is commoner than it is realised. It might be preceded by gastrointestinal complaints. On the other hand, it is possibly connected with a macular rash. The features of viral meningitis are often less abrupt and milder than with urgent purulent meningitis. In order to make the distinction, it  Full Article…

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What are Vascular Disorders(2)?

Atherosclerosis seems to be connected with improper diet, (see the preceding Synoptic Spotlight) even though the causes of this disease are still not well known. Smoking, obesity, hypertension, lack of exercise, and heredity also appear to be causative aspects. Coarctation, aneurysms, and varicose veins are all kinds of vascular disfigurations. Weakening of the tunics results  Full Article…

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Complications and Treatment of Meningitis

Complications. Convulsions may accompanied with meningitis. It needs cure with anticonvulsant medicines. Inappropriate antidiuretic hormone can result in hyponatraemia, which may be avoided by oral fluids and careful restriction of intravenous. On the other hand, inappropriate antidiuretic hormone release frequent accompanies intracranial matters. Although most of subdural effusions are useless and small, they are possibly common.  Full Article…

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What are Vascular Disorders(1)?

Hypertension is the most usual kind of vascular disorder, which is also called high blood pressure. The resting systolic blood pressure exceeds 140 mmHg in hypertension. It is estimated that 22 million adult Americans are suffered from hypertension. Nearly 15 percent of the cases are the result of other body problems, just like kidney diseases, adrenal hypertension,  Full Article…

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What is Intracranial Infection?

Urgent infection of the meninges might be bacterial or viral in origin. Tuberculosis and rarer pathogens may lead to meningitis as well, for instance, protozoa and fungi. A sterile meningitis can lead to leukaemic cell infiltration. Acute purulent meningitis Purulent meningitis is quite common among preschool years and in childhood. About thirty-five per cent of childhood examples  Full Article…

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What are Heart Diseases(2)?

The tetralogy of Fallot is a mixture of 4 defects within the heart of a newborn: a ventricular septal defect; an overriding aorta; pulmonary stenosis (narrowing); right ventricular hypertrophy (enlargement). Blood is prevented from flowing to the lungs by the pulmonary stenosis, which results in hypertrophy of the right ventricle. The ascending portion arises midway between  Full Article…

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What are Heart Diseases(1)?

Heart diseases can be classified as either congenital or acquired. Abnormalities in embryonic development result in congenital heart problems, which perhaps be attributed to heredity, nutritional problems (poor diet) of the pregnant mother, or exposure to viral infections while in the uterus. Congenital heart diseases account for nearly 50 percent of early childhood deaths, and  Full Article…

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What are Allied Disorders and Bone Tumours?

Characteristics suggestive of a bone tumour consist of swelling, a limp, or pain. It is luckily that the most of basic lesions are benign; incomplete fracture of normal bone, an easy cyst, an osteoid osteoma or atypical osteomyelitis. Moreover, osteosarcoma and ewing tumour are expressed on malignancy. Unicameral cysts (simple bone cysts) Simple bone cysts  Full Article…

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What is Fetal Circulation(2)?

The inferior vena cava empties into the right atrium of the fetal heart. Via the foramen ovale, which is an opening between the two atria, most of the blood passes from the right atrium into the left atrium. Here it combines with a small quantity of blood returning via the pulmonary circulation. Then the blood  Full Article…

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Treatment of Clubfoot and an Introduction of the Fixed Clubfoot

Talipes equinovarus. One of the most complex deformities is the fixed clubfoot. Moreover, facing orthopaedic surgeons when it expresses the disruption of complicated interrelationships between disruption, bone and ligament. The incidence is 1.2 per 1000 live births, increasing by 20-fold where there is an influenced first degree relative. What is more, males are more likely  Full Article…

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What are Osgood Schlatter Syndrome and Chondromalacia Patellae?

Among adolescents the knee is an usual source of complaint . Because of hip pain is always connected with the knee, in measuring the reason of knee pain, the hip should be checked as well. Osgood Schlatter syndrome Because of repeated minor avulsion at the site of insertion of the patellar tendon – a traction  Full Article…

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Idiopathic Adolescent Scoliosis and an Introduction of Structural Scoliosis

Scoliosis, equals to a spinal curve in the cornal plane, a term coined by Galen. In addition, scoliosis might be structural or postural. A postural is not connected with rotation. It will correct with adjustment of posture. a curve like this does not have the opportunity to evolve to a structural scoliosis. Structural curves are connected  Full Article…

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What are Osteomyelitis and Clinical Features of it?

Osteomyelitis is often haematogenous in origin. It influences the metaphyses of long bones. The basic exception is that at the proximal femur, when the metaphysis is intracapsular, the infection may transmit to the bone by immediate inoculation from an essential pyoarthrosis of the hit joint. The growth plate plays a role of a barrier to extension  Full Article…

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What is the Management of Atopic Eczema?

Atopic eczema is a quite taxing illness for both child and family. Irritability, the frequent alarming appearance, and disturbed nights add to the burden. The parents play an active role in management. On the other hand, they require careful sympathetic suggestion. Because of a connected ichthyosis, the skin is always dry. In addition,  the use of  Full Article…

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What are Problems in Diabetic Control?

Poor control and so-called brittle diabetes with recurrent ketoacidosis and hypoglycaemia may result from some causes. Diabetes and growth. In spite of comparison between identical twins discordant for diabetes expresses many loss of final height, children with diabetes can hope a normal adult stature. Modest pubertal put off is more frequent. What is more, marked  Full Article…

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What are Clinical Features and Aetiology of Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is the disorder due to insulin deficiency. This is the result of irreversible islet beta cell hurt in the majority of juvenile diabetics. Although diabetes is uncommon, the incidence increases so that up to sixteen years of age, two per one thousand are influenced. Children account for only four to six per cent  Full Article…

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An Introduction of Hypoparathyroidism; Associated with its Syndromes, Treatment and Classification

Hypoparathyroidism Transient hypoparathyroidism is a common neonatal event. And apnoeic episodes may result from the resulting hypocalcaemia. Permanent hypoparathyroidism is uncommon. Moreover, it has to be distinguished from these situations, which there is organ unresponsiveness to circulating parathyroid hormone, the pseudohypoparathyroidism syndromes. Here are some symptoms of hypoparathyroidism as listed: Chronic hypocalcaemia chronic diarrhoea convulsions  Full Article…

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What are Principal Aspects of an Electrocardiogram (ECG)?

P wave Formed by stimulation of the SA node, the P wave is a small upward deflection that accompanies depolarization of the atrial fibers. The wave is followed by the actual contraction of the atria by a fraction of a second. During the expression of the P wave, the ventricles of the heart are in  Full Article…

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