Accidents and Hazards for Children

Accidents are the commonest cause of death in children over the age of a year. Road accidents are by far the most commonest cause children’ accidental death. Choking, drowning and burns too are the common children accidents

Children accidents differ from those of adults.

There are three main factors in each accidents: the causative agent or situation, for example a car or a swimming pool; the circumstances in which it took place, for example the degree of parental supervision; and most important of all, the child himself.

The type of accident is related to the age, sex, intelligence, social circumstances and personality of the child. Physical and mental development is particularly important. The toddler is fearless and inquisitive, but spends most of his time indoors, so that he is susceptible to falls, burns and self-poisoning. The child who has just started school is impulsive but inexperienced, and likely to be knocked down by a car. The older school child is vigorous and adventurous, he is likely to fall and injured himself while climbing or to drown in a quarry or canal.

An understanding of these causes may lead to prevention. A toddler’s parents should take good care of him,  put things that are dangerous  to baby  out of his reach, and make the furniture’ rim soft so that baby can not get hurt if he fall down to it. The young school child can be actively taught about the danger of traffic. Those who design his house and streets must take account of his or her lack of experience.


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