Several vessels arise from the femoral to provide the thigh region. The deep femoral artery is the largest of these, which passes posteriorly to supply the hamstring muscles. The proximal end of the femur is surrounded by the lateral and medial femoral circumflex arteries, by which muscles are provided in this region. While the femoral artery passes across the posterior aspect of the knee, it becomes the popliteal artery.
Small branches are provided to the knee joint by the popliteal artery, which then separates into a posterior tibial artery and an anterior tibial artery. These vessels travel across the anterior and posterior aspects of the leg, individually, suppling blood to the muscles of these areas and to the foot.
The anterior tibial artery becomes the dorsal pedal artery at the ankle. The ankle and top of the foot are served by it, and then it contributes to the formation of the plantar arch of the foot.
A large peroneal artery is sent to provide the peroneal muscles of the leg by the posterior tibial artery. The posterior tibial splits into the lateral and medial plantar arteries at the ankle. The muscles and structures on the sole of the foot are offered by the lateral and medial plantar arteries. The plantar arch are produced by the dorsal pedal artery together with the lateral plantar artery. This arterial arrangement is like that in the hand. The toes with blood are offered by digital arteries arising from the plantar arch.