What are Veins of the Upper Limb?

Both deep and superficial venous drainage is owned by the upper limb. The deep veins accompany the arteries of the same area and are similarly named. Both the ulnar vein on the medial side drain blood and the radial vein on the lateral side of the forearm from the palmar arch of the hand. The brachial vein, which continues up the medial side of the brachium, is produced by the cubital fossa together with the radial and ulnar veins.

The basilic vein and the cephalic vein are the major superficial vessels of the upper limb. The basilic vein passes on the medial side of the arm and the ulnar side of the forearm. The axillary vein is produced by basilic vein together with the brachial vein nearby the head of the humerus.

The cephalic vein drains the superficial portion of the hand and forearm on the radial side, and then continues up the lateral side of the arm. The fascia is pierced by the cephalic vein, which then joins the axillary vein in the shoulder region. The subclavian vein, which together with the external jugular to produce the brachiocephalic vein of that side, is produced by axillary vein after passing the first rib.

Superficially, from the cephalic vein on the lateral side, the median cubital vein ascends to link with the basilic vein on the medial side in the cubital fossa of the elbow.



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